Writing an essay is often scary because you do not know how to organize your ideas or what to write. Fortunately, the European methodology for writing an essay follows fairly strict rules that will give you a framework and reassure you.
Writing an essay is first and foremost about answering a question and expressing your opinion by arguing and giving examples.
There are three main parts in an essay: Introduction – Development – Conclusion
In case you have to clear the problematic of a text or an image, choose a question that will not put you in difficulty. It is often easier to answer a closed question than an open question. At least, the plans will be different.
Once the problem and the type of plan are defined, you must look for your arguments and examples.
Examples can be taken in your daily life, your personal experiences, your general culture, ….
The examples can be illustrative, that is to say placed after the argument or argumentative, that is to say placed before or superimposed on the argument.
If you can not clearly explain your argument, it is that it is not good.
The organization of your essay must be very clear. It’s about seeing the different parts of the essay before you even read it.
It must be simple and clear. These are the first sentences read by readers, so you must lay the foundations of your development without revealing your opinion. It is composed of three parts.
A sentence presenting the theme in its context.
The question you chose during your reflection. You can ask the question directly or use the indirect speech: We can then ask ourselves if / why / how …
= Indicate the thread of your thinking to readers so that they follow your development. It is better – because less academic – to announce the plan indirectly, asking questions, articulating a sentence so that the plan emerges. However, if it sounds too complicated, write several sentences outlining your plan with logical articulators.
There must be a balance in the parts of your development, so you should be careful to find about the same number of arguments for your parts as you think. Your development must be organized. For this, the use of logical links is essential.
You can give your opinion throughout the essay, but also in the conclusion.
Like the introduction, the conclusion is very important because these are the last sentences read by readers. It is composed of three parts.
Check the consistency of your essay.
Make sure that the ideas are connected in a logical way.
Make sure to eliminate repetitions of words, but also and especially ideas.
Be careful not to contradict yourself.
Avoid clichés and phrases.
Avoid neutrality. You can be tolerant and indicate your tolerance. On the other hand, you can not be neutral and say “I do not care”; “I do not have an opinion,” …
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